Mongolia is the most sparsely populated independent countries in the world. It has a population of 2.9 million. One million of its population lives in its capital city, Ulan Bator. The remainder continues to live a nomadic lifestyle: living under the roofs of their portable gers and living off the land and their animals.
Mongolia is a landlocked country between Russia and China. It is roughly 3000km long and 1500km wide, about 3 times the size of France, or twice the size of Texas. The country is generally cold, high and dry; with short summers and long, harsh winters. The north has mountains, forests and grasslands. The south is barren, fragile, and forms part of the great Gobi deserts. Outside of Ulan Bator, there are almost no paved roads. The vehicle of choice is the Furgon, a Russian made 4WD van.
Mongolians have a proud history. Under the rule of Chinggis Khaan in the 12th century, the Mongols united and began a series of conquests that would stretch from Asia to central Europe, forming one of the largest empires in history.
Despite their warrior ancestry, Mongolians are a friendly people, and will warmly welcome you into their gers. The culture and landscape is unique. The landscape is hauntingly beautiful… and frightening fragile.
When to Visit?
Most visitors come during the short summer season, particularly during the Nadaam festival, overwhelming Mongolia’s few airlines and hotels.
The khoomii, or throat singing.
Mongolian food (with the exception of Khuushuur) and no, Mongolian Barbeque is NOT Mongolian food.